国家艺术体操队运动员功能动作筛查结果分析与纠正性训练
Analysis of the Functional Movement Screen and Corrective Training for National Rhythmic Gymnastics Athletes
投稿时间:2018-04-21  
DOI:
中文关键词:艺术体操  功能动作筛查  纠正性训练
英文关键词:rhythmic gymnastics  functional movement screen  corrective training
基金项目:国家体育总局课题(2017HT005)
作者单位E-mail
张鹏 北京体育大学 运动医学与康复学院 809142543@qq.com 
李春雷 北京体育大学 运动医学与康复学院 332648967@qq.com 
刘杰 Beijing Sports University Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation academy  
摘要点击次数: 60
全文下载次数: 105
中文摘要:
      目的:对国家艺术体操队22名运动员进行功能动作筛查并分析,了解该项目运动员的功能动作特征,并针对存在问题的功能动作提出纠正性训练方法,以期达到改善功能动作质量、减少损伤发生、提高专项训练水平的目的。方法:文献资料法、实验法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法。结果:(1)队员的FMS得分为13.0±2.5分,存在较大的损伤风险;(2)主动直膝抬腿、肩部灵活性、躯干稳定俯卧撑得分与其他动作相比具有显著性差异;(3)共有23人次在测试中存在疼痛,7人次存在不对称现象。结论:国家艺术体操运动员:(1)髋、肩关节灵活性较好而踝关节则较差,部分运动员腰椎灵活性过度而胸椎灵活性受限;(2)髋关节、肩胛区及核心区稳定性较差;(3)小腿三头肌柔韧性差,踝关节和髋关节外展、内收肌力失衡,部分运动员下肢不对称。纠正性训练应首先根据排序原则进行排序,其次从灵活性、稳定性、功能性力量、动作模式重建这4个方面开展针对性的训练。最后,8周的纠正性训练显著地提高了FMS得分,功能动作质量得到改善。
英文摘要:
      Objective: Using the Functional Movement Screen to test 22 athletes of the National Rhythmic Gymnastics Team. And through the analysis of the test results, the paper tries to learn the characteristics of the rhythmic gymnastics athlete's functional movement. The corrective training methods are put forward in order to improve the quality of functional movement, reduce injury and improve the level of specific training. Method: literature study, test, mathematical statistics and logical analysis. Result: (1) The FMS score of the athletes was 13.0±2.5 points, which indicates a great risk of injury. (2) There was a significant difference between the scores of the active straight leg raising, shoulder flexibility and trunk stability push-up and those of the other movements. (3) The subjects of the 23 person times felt pain in the test, and asymmetry was found in 7 person times. Conclusion: (1) The flexibility of the hip joint and shoulder joint of the subjects are good, but the flexibility of the ankles is poor. Some athletes have excessive flexibility of the lumber vertebra, but limited flexibility of the thoracic vertebra. (2)The stability of the hip joint, shoulder region and core area is poor. (3) The triceps surae has poor flexibility. There is abduction of ankle and hip and the imbalance of adduction muscle strength. The lower limbs of some athletes are asymmetrical. Corrective training should be arranged according to the principle of order and the following four aspects should be taken into account: flexibility, stability, functional strength and the reconstruction of movement mode. 8-week corrective training can improve the FMS scores and enhance the quality of functional movement.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭